Home | More Articles | Papyrus | Cartouche | Herbs | Ladies Accessories | Home Decor | Mother of Pearl | Rugs | Others

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

Google
 
Web kingtutshop.com
 

Rosetta Stone

 

The Rosetta stone is very famous for it provided the key to solve the ancient Egyptian language. The Rosetta Stone was carved in 196 B.C. It was discovered by the French  soldiers who came with Napoleon. The Frenchman Jean François Champollion is the one who cracked the code of the stone. The discovery of the stone of rosette later called Rosetta stone is an interesting story.

The stone was discovered by the French troops in Napoleon's military expedition, in 1799 in Lower Egypt, when they were digging the foundations of an addition to a fort near the town of el-Rashid (Rosetta), in the Nile Delta.

 It was discovered near the town of Rosetta (now Rashid), located in the Nile Delta about 40 miles northeast of Alexandria, by a Frenchman, Pierre Bouchard, on 15 July 1799. Captain Bouchard, an engineer officer in Napoleon's expedition to Egypt, was supervising the reconstruction of an old fort, as part of the preparations for defending the French from attacks by British and Turkish forces in the area. The Rosetta Stone came to light during the demolition of a wall in the fort. Captain Bouchard saw that the polished black basalt stone contained three sections of different types of writing, and recognized its significance immediately. He sent the stone to Cairo, to the scholars who also accompanied the French expedition to Egypt.

 In 1801, after two years of warding off attacks by the British, and after their defeat at Abuquir Bay, the French forces in Egypt surrendered. Under the terms of the Treaty of Capitulation, all antiquities in the possession of the French, including the Rosetta Stone, were ceded to the British.

Egyptology Articles

Herbs Articles

Rosetta Stone 

Rosetta Stone

.

 

     The stone is a compact basalt slab (114x72x28 cm) that was found in July 1799 in the small Egyptian village Rosette (Raschid), which is located in the western delta of the Nile. The stone contained words in three types of writing: Egyptian hieroglyphs, Demotic, which is a shorthand version of Egyptian hieroglyphic writing, and Greek. By translating the Greek section, scholars were able to learn what the hieroglyphs meant. This enabled them to translate inscriptions inside the Egyptian temples.

The inscription on the stone was a decree passed by a general council of priests which assembled at Memphis on the first anniversary of the coronation of Ptolemy V Epiphanes, king of all Egypt. The text concerns the honours bestowed on the king by temples of Egypt in return for services rendered by him to Egypt both at home and abroad. Priestly privileges, especially those of an economic nature, are listed in detail. Because the inscription appears in three scripts, hieroglyphic, demotic, and Greek, scholars were able to decipher the Egyptian hieroglyphic and demotic versions by comparing them with the Greek version.  

The representation of a single text of the three mentioned script variants enabled the French scholar Jean Francois Champollion (1790-1832) in 1822 to basically decipher the hieroglyphs. Furthermore, with the aid of the Coptic language (language of the Christian descendants of the ancient Egyptians), he succeeded to realize the phonetic value of the hieroglyphs. This proved the fact that hieroglyphs do not have only symbolic meaning, but that they also served as a "spoken language". 

Another British physicist Thomas Young worked on the translation of the stone with the French Egyptologist Jean François Champollion.

Thomas Young, the English Physicist, was the first to prove that the elongated ovals or cartouches in the hieroglyphic section of the stone contained a royal name written phonetically, in this case that of Ptolemy. Jean François Champollion went on to correct and enlarge Young's list of phonetic hieroglyphs and lay the foundations of our knowledge of the ancient Egyptian language in a paper which was read to the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres in Paris in 1822.

It was this discovery -- that the Egyptian hieroglyphic writing system used a combination of ideograms, phonetic signs, and determinatives -- that provided the breakthrough in the translation of hieroglyphic writing. And this ability to read the ancient hieroglyphs in turn opened the door to the history of ancient Egypt and gave birth to the new discipline of Egyptology.

 

.

.

 

 

You may freely reprint this article or place it on your website by adding this statement: Courtesy of  www.kingtutshop.com

 

_________________________________

Ancient Egyptian Civilization and Egyptology Articles

 

Google

Learn more about Pharaohs era and Ancient Egypt Civilization. 

18th DYNASTY

Abu Simbel Temple

Alexandria

Alphabetic of Hieroglyphics

Ancient Egyptian animals

Ancient Egyptian Boats

Ancient Egyptian Calendar

Ancient Egyptian Clothes

Ancient Egyptian Games

Ancient Egyptian Scribe

Ankhesenamun

Anubis

Boy King

Canopic Jars

Champollion

Chariot

Cleopatra

Egyptian Architect

Egyptian Cartouche

Ancient Egyptian Furniture

Egyptian Sphinx

Eye of Horus

First Intermediate Period

Giza Pyramids

Great Battles

Hatshipsut  

Hieroglyphics Language

Horus

Karnak Temple

King Djoser

King Narmer

Library of Alexandria

Lotus Flower

Marriage in Ancient Egypt

Medicine 1

Medicine 2

Medicine 3

Memphis

Mummification

Music in Ancient Egypt

Nefertity

Papyrus

Periods and Dynasties of Ancient Egypt

Pharos

Ramses II

Rosetta Stone

Second Intermediate

Period

Senet Game

Thebes

Thinite period

Third Intermediate Period

Trading Expeditions

Tuthmosis

Write Your Name In Hieroglyphic

GO To Top

 

_________________________________

Google

 

 Herbs and Aroma Articles

Learn more about Herbs in Egypt 

Ajwain Seed

Aloes

Anise

Black Seed

Calendula Flowers

Celery

Chamomile flowers

Cilantro

Coriander

Cornflower

Cumin

Dill

Egyptian Lily

Fennel

Fenugreek

Garlic

Henna

Hibiscus

Marjoram

Onion

Parsley

Peppermint

Sage

Sesame seed

Spearmint

Sunflower Seed

Tamarind

GO To Top

 

 

 

 


Home
Contact us
Rugs Kilim | Tapestries  
Other  Rosetta Stone | Egyptian Thrones

Mother of Pearl Boxes | Paper Clips | Photo Frames | Plates 

Home Decor Hang to wall plates  |  Candle Holder  |  Perfume Warmer
Free  Information    Ancient Egyptian Civilization and Egyptology Articles
Herbs  Buy 100% Natural Egyptian Herbs | Buy 100% Natural Egyptian Essential Oils
Ladies Accessories Egyptian Silver Jewelry  | Bracelets | Necklaces | Earrings | Perfume Bottles | Pharaohs bags
Egyptian Cartouches  Egyptian 18K Gold Cartouches  |  Egyptian Silver Cartouches | Silver with Gold Cartouche
Papyrus  Strips | Papyrus Kit | Writing Kit | Blank Sheets |  Paintings | Wedding Invitations | Logos | Papyrus outlines
Others Payment | FAQ | Retailers | Testimonial | What's New | Special Offer | Catalog |  Links | Add Site | affiliate | Site Map
Misc. : Papyrus Calendar | Papyrus Coaster | Papyrus Book Marks | Mouse Pad | Note Books | Hieroglyphic stickers