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Queen Hatshepsut

 

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Queen Hatshepsut is the first queen in human history who ascended the throne in the middle of the 15th century BC. Queen Hatshepsut ruled in the eighteenth dynasty. There are about 4 most famous queens and rulers of Egypt that we know about. Most of which were said to be beautiful , clever and powerful. One of those famous queens was queen Hatshepsut.

Queen Hatshipsut is famous because she has a temple that still stands up till now that is named after her, Hapshepsut's temple at Beir el-Bahri, near Luxor in the Valley of Kings. Hatshepsut parents were Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose. After her fatherís death, her stepbrother Thutmose II succeeded the throne.  As it was customary in royal families of Egyptian heritage, the oldest daughter of the pharaoh would marry her brother. His reign would be short and his life sort lived.  After his decease, Thutmose III became pharaoh.  Thutmose III was very young when his father died.  For a short time Hatshepsut ruled with her nephew by his side until she took maters into her own hand, and proclaimed herself pharaoh of Egypt.

Queen Hatshipsut was very unique and intelligent.  Queen Hatshipsut had to use various strategies to legalize her position as Pharaoh.  Before anyone could be pharaoh, they needed to be able to speak to the gods. In her temple in Deir el-Bahri in the Valley of the Kings written on the walls and other pieces of art, experts claim that Hatshepsut claimed Amon-Ra had visited her mother while she was pregnant.  In turn, making the unborn child godly. This allowed her to become pharaoh because a pharaoh was expected to talk to the gods. Through her supposed divinity it would seem the queen also had some influence over the priesthood in Egypt. This was important since the priests' support further legitimated her role as Pharaoh.

 

Queen Hatshipsut

  

 Queen Hatshepsut adopted several male attributes including a fake beard, male clothing, as well as having herself illustrated and treated like a man. It can be argued that this behavior was yet another instrument practiced by the queen in her pursuit for respect. She ,also  might have done this to make her transition to kingship more at ease and the acceptance of the priesthood in Egypt.  It seemed to work because they supported her reign as pharaoh. 

Our most reliable source detailing the life and achievements of Hatshepsut is her temple at Deir el-Bahri. This temple was begun by Thutmose II, and later finished by his Queen Hatshepsut during her time as Pharaoh. One major achievement that appears on the walls of the temple is the expedition to the Land of Punt, located near the Red Sea, possibly in present-day Somalia. Ebony, ivory, myrrh saplings, animal skins, gold, and perfumes were brought back on this trading expedition. Another achievement, also described through vivid paintings, is the transportation of two granite obelisks, cut at Aswan, to the temple of Karnak. Obelisks were used as religious monuments in ancient Egypt.

This powerful and admirable woman, Hatshepsut, mysteriously disappeared, possibly in 1458 BC, when Thutmose III regained his title as Pharaoh. Her mummy has never been found, and her name and images were forever lost when obliterated by Thutmose III.

 

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